The Edge Update: Alaska stalking, El Chapo extradited and warming global temperatures

According to a new survey, more than a third of Alaskan women have been stalked. The results come from the Alaska Victimization Survey, a study conducted in 2015 by the state Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault as well as the University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Center, based on a sample of over 3,000 women. This indicates that some 80,800 Alaskan women have been stalked. Of this number, 15,000 were stalked the year before they took the survey. More than 5,800 had experienced stalking in the last year. Comparatively, a nationwide study by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted in 2011 found that 18.3 million American women, or 15.2 percent, had experienced stalking in their lifetimes. Andre Rosay, director of the UAA Justice Center, attributed the different rates to the CDC’s stricter definition of stalking. The researchers that worked on the Alaskan survey hope to produce a report focusing exclusively on Anchorage later this month.

Mexican drug lord Joaquin Guzman Loera, better known as El Chapo, was extradited to the United States last Thursday. The extradition marks the end of an effort to prosecute the drug lord that has dragged on for decades. Loera, head of the Sinaloa cartel, made his name as a billionaire drug dealer, fueling the addiction crisis in America while his foot soldiers killed by the hundreds in Mexico. In 2001, Loera escaped from prison by possibly hiding in a laundry cart. In the years after, he perfected a system of underground tunnels and hatches in many of his homes that allowed him to elude the authorities time after time. His escapades halted for a time after his arrest in 2014, but resumed when he escaped Altiplano, Mexico’s most secure prison. He lived under 24-hour surveillance and managed to escape using a tunnel built by his associates the following year. When the Mexican government recaptured him last year, the government said it would allow Loera to be extradited to the U.S. for trial, where it is highly unlikely he will be able to escape again. His extradition happened suddenly and unexpectedly, after close to a year of appeals and legal procedures.

As expected, 2016 has been declared the world’s warmest year since humans began consistently tracking global temperatures in the 1880s, according to scientists with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The global average surface temperature for the year was 58.784 degrees, higher than any previous year. 22 separate nations or territories tied or broke their personal records for high temperatures. The region most dramatically affected may be the Arctic. Sea ice in the region set new records for low coverage of the sea surface in seven months of 2016. The extent of Arctic sea ice now covers 40 percent less area during peak melt season than it did in the early 1980s.